An object 5 cm in length is held 25 cm away from a converging lens of focal length 10 cm. Draw the ray diagram and find the position, size and the nature of the image formed.
Converging lens means a convex lens. As the distances given in the question are large, so we choose a scale of 1: 5, i.e., 1 cm represents 5 cm. Therefore, on this scale 5 cm high object, object distance of 25 cm and focal length of 10 cm can be represented by 1 cm high, 5 cm and 2 cm lines respectively. Now, we draw the ray diagram as follows:(i) Draw a horizontal line to represent the principal axis of the convex lens.(ii) Centre line is shown by DE.(iii) Mark two foci F and F' on two sides of the lens, each at a distance of 2 cm from the lens.(iv) Draw an arrow AB of height 1 cm on the left side of lens at a distance of 5 cm from the lens.(v) Draw a line AD parallel to principal axis and then, allow it to pass straight through the focus (F') on the right side of the lens.(vi) Draw a line from A to C (centre of the lens), which goes straight without deviation.(vii) Let the two lines starting from A meet at A'.(viii) Draw AB', perpendicular to the principal axis from A'.(ix) Now AB', represents the real, but inverted image of the object AB.(x) Then, measure CB' and A'B'. It is found that CB' = 3.3 cm and A'B' = 0.7 cm. (xi) Thus the final position, nature and size of the image A'B' are: (a) Position of image A'B' = 3.3 cm × 5 = 16.5 cm from the lens on opposite side. (b) Nature of image A’B’: Real and inverted. (c) Height of image A'B': 0.7 × 5 = 3.5 cm, i.e., image is smaller than the object. image size = 4 cm, image distance = – 10 cm No worries! We‘ve got your back. Try BYJU‘S free classes today! image size = 10 cm, image distance = – 4 cm No worries! We‘ve got your back. Try BYJU‘S free classes today! image size = 4 cm, image distance = 10 cm No worries! We‘ve got your back. Try BYJU‘S free classes today! image size = 4 cm, image distance = 5 cm Right on! Give the BNAT exam to get a 100% scholarship for BYJUS courses If the numerical value of the power of this lens is 10 D, what is its focal length in the Cartesian system ? Since, power of a lens is given by the relation `P=1/f` (in metres) p = 10 D (given) `10 = 1/f` `f = 1/10` `f= 0.1 m` Therefore, the focal length of the lens is 0.1 m as the lens is concave in nature. Is there an error in this question or solution? |